Substitutions

For                                 You Can Use

1 T. cornstarch……………………..2 T. flour OR 1 1/2 T. quick cooking tapioca

1 C. cake flour ………………………1 C. less 2 T. all-purpose flour

1 C. all-purpose flour…………….1 C. plus 2 T. cake flour

1 square chocolate…………………3 T. cocoa and 1 T. fat

1 C. melted shortening……………1 C. salad oil (may not be substituted for solid shortening.

1 C. milk……………………………….1/2 C. evaporated and 1/2 C. water

1 C. sour milk or buttermilk…….1 T. lemon juice or vinegar and enough sweet milk to measure 1 C.

1 C. heavy cream…………………….2/3 C. milk and 1/3 C. butter

1 C. heavy cream, whipped……….2/3 C. well-chilled evaporated milk, whipped

Sweetened condensed milk ( No substitution)

1 egg……………………………………..2 T. dried whole egg and 2 T. water

1 tsp. baking powder………………..1/4 tsp baking soda and 1 tsp. cream of tartar OR 1/4 tsp. baking soad and 1/2 C. sour milk, buttermilk or molasses; reduce other liquid 1/2 C.

1 C. sugar……………………………….1 C. hone; reduce other liquid 1/4 C.’ reduce baking temperature 25 degrees.

1 C. miniature marshmallows…….About 10 large marshmallows; cut up.

1 medium onion (2 1/2 dia.)………2 T. instant minced onion OR 1 tsp. onion powder; reduce salt 1/8 tsp.

1 garlic clove……………………………1/8 tsp. garlic powder OR 1/4 tsp. garlic salt; reduce salt 1/8 tsp.

1 T. fresh herbs…………………………1 tsp. dried herbs OR 1/4 tsp. powdered herbs OR 1/2 tsp. herb salt; reduce salt 1/4 tsp.